For the visit of the great Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, there are two main ways, one is by train from Cusco city, and the other one is by hiking the glorious Inca trail 4 days trek.
For Machu Picchu trips, If you want to take a train, which most of the trains leave from Ollantaytambo town that is located in the sacred valley, there are lot of different trains, and to get the best departure time is an issue, it has to be done well in advance. Then once you arrive in Aguas calientes town, you must buy a shuttle bus ticket, probably a long line there, and prior to this, you must buy the entrance ticket to MP in Cusco.
Machu Picchu is a big citadel, and it has many sections, that you definitely need a good tour guide to explain properly all history and pointing out the purposes of each single building there.
Nowadays most people spend a night there in a hotel, in order to have a 2nd visit of Machu Picchu for the next day, as the weather can be sometimes frustrating, because it´s located at the beginning of the amazon and there are sometimes rain and full of fog.
For the 2nd visit, you also have the chance to do detours, or extensions, such climbing the challenging Huaynapicchu Mountain, or a hike to the Sun gate, or a nice hike to the Inca Bridge, or to explore more in the surroundings.
For Machu Picchu trips, most tourists also do the Cusco city tour where you can learn in advance about the Inca civilization, with chance to visit Koricancha the Inca temple of the Sun, also the majestic fortress “Sacsayhuaman” and the main square, the cathedral, and other Inca buildings such Qenqo, Puca pucara and Tambomachay, etc.
Another option which includes for a Machu Picchu trip, is the Sacred Valley tour, in this full day tour, you can visit the Pisac ruins up in the mountains, later Pisac artesany indigineus market, later Ollantaytambo fortress, and Urubamba valley.
Typically for Machu Picchu trips, is a 4 or 5 days trip to learn and enjoy the best of the Inca civilization.
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